As we saw in an earlier segment, the Pulitzer Prize was established in 1917 by Joseph Pulitzer after his death. It came alongside a significant donation that he made to Columbia University (which initially declined the offer due to Pulitzer’s less than perfect reputation).
Every April, the winner receives a certificate and $10,000. Prizes are given out for a variety of journalistic categories: Public Service, Breaking News, Investigative Reporting, Local Reporting, Feature Writing, Criticism, Editorial Writing, Photography and Fiction among others.
The recipients of the prize are determined by an independent board made up, in large part, by Editors and Columnists from the nations newspapers.
You can find out all about past recipients of the prize on the Pulitzer Prize’s website.
By the way, the “correct” way to pronounce the award is pullitzer prize, however, the pronunciation that begins with pewlitzer prize is recognized in most British and American dictionaries.
This segment’s clip is a showcase of Pulitzer Prize winning photography, the largest collection of which can be found in the Newseum.