As a change of pace after last sections deluge of information, I wanted to take a look at typesetting. Before desktop publishing, typesetting was the way that print made it onto the page. While some of the earliest typesetting was done on wooden blocks, we can thank Johann Gutenberg for bringing movable type to the masses in 1462. His brand of typsetting was a manual process involving metal blocks with raised images of the letters, these blocks were placed into a series of boxes and lined up to form a page.
The next major innovation in printing came in 1884 when Ottmar Mergenthaler invented the “Linotype” machine. His machine used a typewriter-like apparatus to place letters for molding. The Linotype allowed one operator to do the work of several typesetters.
Several other innovations followed, including the Teletypewriter and photocomposition machines but it wasn’t until the 1960s that we saw the introduction of the Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) which would lead in the 1980s to our modern, fully digital desktop publishing solutions.
You should take a look at this article from History Buff to learn more.